SpliceRCA: in Situ Single-Cell Analysis of mRNA Splicing Variants.

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SpliceRCA: in Situ Single-Cell Analysis of mRNA Splicing Variants.

ACS Cent Sci. 2018 Jun 27;4(6):680-687

Authors: Ren X, Deng R, Zhang K, Sun Y, Teng X, Li J

Abstract
Immune cell heterogeneity due to the differential expression of RNA splicing variants still remains unexplored. This is mainly because single-cell imaging technologies of splicing variants with precise sequence or base resolution are now not readily available. Herein, we design a splice-junction anchored padlock-probe-mediated rolling circle amplification assay (SpliceRCA) for single-cell imaging of splice isoforms of essential regulatory immune gene (CD45) upon T-cell activation. Two recognition regions in the padlock probe can target the splice-junction sequence, resulting in a close proximity for triggering in situ one-target-one-amplicon amplification. With the read length of ∼30 nucleotides, this method allows discrimination of isoforms with single-base precision and quantification of isoforms with single-molecule resolution. We applied SpliceRCA to single-cell image splice variants of essential regulatory immune gene (CD45) upon T-cell activation. It is found that CD45RO isoform presents a distal nuclear spatial distribution and is coregulated with CD45RB upon activation. Our strategy provides a single-cell analysis platform to investigate the mechanism of complex immune responses and may further guide immunotherapy.

PMID: 29974063 [PubMed]

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